Scaling and Root Planing : Professional cleaning means scraping off the tartar from above and below the gum line of teeth, and Root planing gets rid of irregular spots on the tooth root where the germs collect, and helps remove bacteria that contribute to the gum diseases.
Curettage – Scraping away of the diseased gum tissue in the infected pocket, which allows the infected area to heal.
Medications – are used to destroy the microbes that cause periodontitis or hold back the destruction of the tooth’s attachment to the bone. In some cases, a dentist will recommend a mouth rinse containing a chemical called chlorhexidine to help control plaque deposition. There are also antibiotic gels, fibers or chips, which are directly applied to the infected pocket.