What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. It is caused by the bacteria in plaque, a sticky colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If not removed through daily brushing and flossing, plaque can build up and the bacteria infect not only your gums and teeth, but eventually the gum tissue and bone that support the teeth. This can cause the tooth to become loose, fall out or have to be removed by a dentist.
Stages of Gum disease:
How do you know if you have a gum disease?
How do you keep your teeth healthy and strong?
Treatments offered at Rajan Dental
All procedures are carried out by the periodontist (Gum specialist) in conjunction with a restorative dentist to achieve ideal functional as well as esthetic results
Who can get Gum Disease (Risk Factors)?
Plaque is the primary cause of periodontal disease, but some other factors can increase the risk and severity of gum disease. They are:
Smoking – It is one of the most significant risk factors associated with the development of gum diseases. Smoking can lower the chances of success in some treatments. The percentage of periodontitis in smokers is seven times more than in nonsmokers.
Hormonal changes in girls/women – Hormonal changes make gums sensitive and easier for gum diseases to develop.
Grinding teeth – Due to excess force on the teeth, the rate of destruction of the supporting tissues of the teeth increases.
Diabetes – Diabetic patients are at higher risk for developing periodontal disease because they are more prone to get infections.
Stress – Stress can lower down your body’s immune system to fight infection, including gum disease.
Medications – Some drugs like anti-depressants, anti-convulsion and some anti-angina medicines, reduces the amount of saliva flow and this can affect your oral health as saliva plays a protective role on teeth and gums.
Illnesses – Diseases that interfere with your immune system such as AIDS or cancer can also affect the oral health.
Genetic factor – Some individuals are more prone to get severe gum disease than others.
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms of periodontal disease often are not obvious; but the condition is not entirely without warning signs. Few symptoms include:
Some degree of gum diseases persists without any symptoms and some individuals have gum disease only around few teeth such as the back teeth, which they can’t see. Only a dentist or a periodontist can recognize and determine the sequence of gum disease.
The foremost goal of treatment of gum diseases is to control infection. The type of treatment varies, according to the extent of gum disease. Any type of treatment requires the patient to keep good daily oral hygiene at home. Moreover, modifying certain behaviors, such as quitting tobacco use, might also be recommended as a way to get better treatment results.