Bone grafts – used to restore bone resorbed due to periodontitis. Small fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone are placed where bone was lost. These grafts serve as a platform for the re-growth of bone, which stabilizes the teeth.
Soft tissue grafts – reinforce thin gums to fill the space where the gums have receded.
Guided tissue regeneration – It stimulates bone and gum tissue growth. In combination with flap surgery, a small piece of mesh-like fabric is inserted between the bone and gum tissue. This keeps the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone should be, allowing the bone and connective tissue to re-grow and support the teeth.
Bone (osseous) surgery – it is smoothening of shallow craters in the bone due to moderate or severe bone loss. During the flap surgery, the bone around the tooth is reshaped to decrease the craters, this makes it difficult for bacteria to gather and grow.
Flap Surgery – Surgery might be needed if inflammation and deep pockets remain after treatment with deep cleaning and medications. The flap surgery involves lifting back the gums and removing the tartar deposited in deep pockets. The gums are then sewn back in place so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth. This method reduces the pocket and areas where bacteria grow and make it easier for the patient to keep the area clean.