TMJ Problems



Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

The Temporomandibular (TM) Joint termed to as the jaw joint, allow all possible movements of the lower jaw.  You have two TM joints which work together as a pair, one in front of each ear. The joints connect the lower jaw bone (the mandible) to the bones of the skull on each side of the head. The muscles controlling the joints are attached to the lower jaw and allow the jaw to move in three directions: up and down, side to side, and forward and back. The synchronized, combined movement of both the joints, and its complex anatomy and biology distinguishes it from the other joints in the human body.

What are Temporomandibular joint Disorders (TMD)?
It is a complex set of conditions characterized by pain in the jaw joint, its surrounding tissues, possibility of production of “click sound” while opening of mouth causing limitation in jaw movements. These conditions can lead to various problems if not detected and treated earlier.

Reasons for TMJ disorders:
Owing to the complexity of the jaw joint, there can be multiple reasons a patient develops TMJ disorders. Here are few of the most common causes:

  • Improper restoration of a tooth.
  • Injuries to the jaw joint area.
  • Various forms of arthritis.
  • Autoimmune diseases ( condition where body’s immune cells attack healthy tissue).
  • Bruxism ( constant grinding or clenching of teeth).
  • Other rare genetic or hormonal factors.

See Also

Do you have a TMJ disorder?

Treatment

What about surgery?