Plaque is the primary cause of periodontal disease, but some other factors can increase the risk and severity of gum disease. They are:
Smoking – It is one of the most significant risk factors associated with the development of gum diseases. Smoking can lower the chances of success in some treatments. The percentage of periodontitis in smokers is seven times more than in nonsmokers.
Hormonal changes in girls/women – Hormonal changes make gums sensitive and easier for gum diseases to develop.
Grinding teeth – Due to excess force on the teeth, the rate of destruction of the supporting tissues of the teeth increases.
Diabetes – Diabetic patients are at higher risk for developing periodontal disease because they are more prone to get infections.
Stress – Stress can lower down your body’s immune system to fight infection, including gum disease.
Medications – Some drugs like anti-depressants, anti-convulsion and some anti-angina medicines, reduces the amount of saliva flow and this can affect your oral health as saliva plays a protective role on teeth and gums.
Illnesses – Diseases that interfere with your immune system such as AIDS or cancer can also affect the oral health.
Genetic factor – Some individuals are more prone to get severe gum disease than others.